A higher-order internal wave model accounting for large bathymetric variations
Wooyoung Choi | Ruiz de Zárate, Ailín | Alfaro Vigo, Daniel | Nachbin, André
Internal waves | inhomogeneous media | asymptotic theory | effective media
A higher-order strongly nonlinear model is derived to describe the evolution of large amplitude internal waves over arbitrary bathymetric variations in a two-layer system where the upper layer is shallow while the lower layer is comparable to the characteristic wavelength. The new system of nonlinear evolution equations with variable coefficients is a generalization of the deep configuration model proposed by Choi and Camassa (Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 1999) and accounts for both a higher-order approximation to pressure coupling between the two layers and the effects of rapidly-varying bottom variation. Motivated by the work of Rosales and Papanicolaou (Studies Appl. Math., 1983), an averaging technique is applied to the system for weakly nonlinear long internal waves propagating over periodic bottom topography. It is shown that the system reduces to an effective Intermediate Long Wave (ILW) equation, in contrast to the KdV equation derived for the surface wave case.