Preprint A787/2018
Multiplier Stabilization Applied to Two-Stage Stochastic Programs
Clara Macedo Lage
Keywords: regularization | Energy Prices | Two Stage Stochastic Problems

In many mathematical optimization applications dual variables are an important output of the solving process, due to their role as price signals. When dual solutions are not unique, different solvers or different computers, even different runs in the same computer if the problem is stochastic, often end up with different optimal multipliers. From the perspective of a decision maker, this variability makes the price signals less reliable and, hence, less useful. We adress this issue for a particular family of linear and quadratic programs by proposing a solution procedure that, among all possible optimal multipliers, systematically yields the one with the smallest norm. The approach, based on penalization techniques of nonlinear programming, amounts to a regularization in the dual of the original problem. As the penalty parameter tends to zero, convergence of the primal sequence and, more critically, of the dual is shown under natural assumptions. The methodology is illustrated on a battery of two-stage stochastic linear programs.